By Hannykumar




What is a Flowchart?

Flowchart is a graphical representation of an algorithm. Programmers often use it as a program-planning tool to solve a problem. It makes use of symbols which are connected among them to indicate the flow of information and processing.

The process of drawing a flowchart for an algorithm is known as “flowcharting”.

Terminal: The oval symbol indicates Start, Stop and Halt in a program’s logic flow. A pause/halt is generally used in a program logic under some error conditions. Terminal is the first and last symbols in the flowchart.

Input/Output: A parallelogram denotes any function of input/output type. Program instructions that take input from input devices and display output on output devices are indicated with parallelogram in a flowchart.

Processing: A box represents arithmetic instructions. All arithmetic processes such as adding, subtracting, multiplication and division are indicated by action or process symbol.

Decision Diamond symbol represents a decision point. Decision based operations such as yes/no question or true/false are indicated by diamond in flowchart.

Flow lines: Flow lines indicate the exact sequence in which instructions are executed. Arrows represent the direction of flow of control and relationship among different symbols of flowchart.

Advantages of Flowchart:

  1. Flowcharts are better way of communicating the logic of system.

  2. Flowcharts act as a guide for blueprint during program designed.

  3. Flowcharts helps in debugging process.

  4. With the help of flowcharts programs can be easily analyzed.

  5. It provides better documentation.

  6. Flowcharts serve as a good proper documentation.

Disadvantages of Flowchart:

  1. It is difficult to draw flowchart for large and complex programs.

  2. In this their is no standard to determine the amount of detail.

  3. Difficult to reproduce the flowcharts.

  4. It is very difficult to modify the Flowchart.